Title 
Abstract 
Author(s) 
Date of Entry 
Article Type 
Remark 
Special Relativity, Misinterpretation of E = Mc2 and Einstein's Theory of General Relativity  Currently, the formula E = mc2 is often misinterpreted as the unconditional equivalence between inertial mass and any type of energy (i.e., m = E/c2). It is shown that, according to Einstein's general relativity, such a claim is incorrect. The root of this problem is due to inadequate understanding of special relativity that produced E = mc2 that, as Einstein clarified, must be understood in terms of energy conservation. For example, the ReissnerNordstrom metric illustrated that electromagnetic energy and mass are different in terms of gravity...  C. Y. Lo 
20060911 
Theory 

A Hypothesis of the Indivisible Corpuscles  Each carrier of discrete action of socalled wave for the generalized light may be a corpuscle of 7.3725032E48 gram. It is possible that this kind of corpuscles, in the infinitely large space, evolves to the generalized light, to the particles like electrons and protons, to the field of light between those kinds of particle like electron and proton.  Yinghua LONG 
20060725 
Theory 

Misunderstandings Related to Einstein's Principle of Equivalence and Einstein's Theoretical Errors on Measurements  It is pointed out that Einstein's 1911 preliminary application of the equivalence between acceleration and Newtonian uniform gravity to derive gravitational redshifts was commonly but mistakenly regarded the same as Einstein's principle of equivalence, which has its foundation in theorems of Riemannian geometry and special relativity. Consequently, limitations due to Newtonian gravity shown in such derivations were incorrectly believed as that Einstein's equivalence principle should not only be inadequate to derive the bending of light, but also have questionable validity itself. Moreover, in Einstein's theory of measurements, his instruments being in free fall states are incorrectly ignored. Consequently, ...  C. Y. Lo P. Morrison 
20050617 
Theory 

Correction to the error the theory of Special Relativity  Special Relativity conclusion has two point: 1, in the system time speed and spatial size, changes along with the relative velocity change; 2, between two system relative velocity are pare relative...  Mihaijiang Songpeiji 
20060412 
Theory 

Misunderstandings Related to Einstein's Principle of Equivalence and Einstein's Theoretical Errors on Measurements  It is pointed out that Einstein's 1911 preliminary application of the equivalence between acceleration and Newtonian uniform gravity to derive gravitational redshifts was commonly but mistakenly regarded the same as Einstein's principle of equivalence, which has its foundation in theorems of Riemannian geometry and special relativity. Consequently, limitations due to Newtonian gravity shown in such derivations were incorrectly believed as that Einstein's equivalence principle should not only be inadequate to derive the bending of light, but also have questionable validity itself. Moreover, in Einstein's theory of measurements, his instruments being in free fall states are incorrectly ignored. Consequently, ...  C. Y. Lo P. Morrison 
20050617 
Theory 

A NOSHAPESUBSTANCE IS THE PROPAGATING
MEDIUM OF LIGHT & A NOSHAPESUBSTANCE IS THE FOUNDATION ALL PHYSICS LAWS DEPEND ON 
Through analyzing a variety of physical phenomena ,the author bings
up a special kind of substance ¡ª NoShapeSubstance .The author believes
that this matter is the medium through which light propagates and the
foundation on which all laws of motion of a body depend ... In this paper, through analyzing the interaction between the moving body and the NoShapeSubstance, we have a newer and better understanding of such physical laws or concepts as inertial mass, Newton¡¯s Second Law, kinetic energy equation, massenergy equation and momentum. And then we uncover the essence of the physical laws. 
JI QI 
20050301 
Theory 

The Gravitational 'Plane Waves' of Liu & Zhou and the Nonexistence of Dynamic Solutions for Einstein's Equation  Although both the electromagnetic wave and the gravitational wave can be produced approximately from Maxwelltype equations, there are subtle differences in their respective exact equations. Since a wave carries energymomentum, a gravitational wave carries also a source. Thus, the exact field equation of a gravitational wave must have a nonzero source term along its path, whereas a field equation for an electromagnetic wave does not...  
On Interpretations of Hubble's Law and the Bending of Light  Currently, Hubble¡¯s law is often considered as the observational evidence of an expanding universe. However, Hubble himself concluded in 1936 that the Galaxies are actually stationary. It is shown that Hubble¡¯s Law need not be related to the notion of a new kind of Doppler redshifts of the light from ¡°receding¡± Galaxies. It is pointed out, in the derivation of the ¡°receding velocity¡±, an implicit assumption that implies no expansion must be used...  
On the Quantum Structure of Field and the Dynamical Interpretation of Thermodynamics Second Law  Through the hypothesis of quantum structure for gravitational field, this article has derived the conclusion that there is no essential difference between gravitational and electromagnetic fields, and the strength of field is irrelevant with the material which generates the field. The gravitational field equation and the electromagnetic field equation derived in this article both are consistent with the general theory of relativity, also these equations can return to the classics under the extreme condition...  
The de Sitter Precession Formulas for Gravity ProbeB and The Question of Physical Gauge in General Relativity  According to Einstein, a gauge is related to the time dilation and the space contractions, and thus a physically realizable gauge should be unique for a given frame of reference. However, a current unverified belief is that the formula for the de Sitter precession is independent of whether the gauge is harmonic or Schwarzschild. It is shown though explicit calculations that these two gauges lead to different formulas that are, in principle, experimentally distinguishable. Thus, once again general relativity is proven not gauge invariant..  
Mistakes and Revision of Classical Mechanics  This paper, starting from the experiment, through the physics analysis and logical inference, verifies that our predecessors mistakenly regarded the gravity of an object as its inertial mass. This paper also makes the necessary revision to those mistakes, and proceeds to lead to a series of important discovery.  
ON CRITICISMS OF EINSTEIN¡¯S EQUIVALENCE PRINCIPLE  Einstein¡¯s equivalence principle was initially the equivalence of an accelerated frame and uniform gravity. In spite of being often challenged, Einstein insisted on the fundamental importance of his equivalence principle to general relativity. It is shown that existing criticisms, starting from Synge and Fock, are due to misunderstanding and misconceptions in physics, and/or inconsistent considerations. These include the misinterpretations of Pauli, Bergmann, Tolman, Landau & Liftshitz, Zel¡¯dovich & Novikov, Dirac, Wheeler, Thorne, Hawking, and others. It has been overlooked that Einstein¡¯s equivalence principle implies uniqueness of the gauge for a given frame of reference...  
Experimental Confirmation for the Rotational Effect of Light Source  The light can cause the photocell to generate the electric current. After the light source rotates, or the light goes through a rotating transparent medium, or the light is reflected by a rotating reflective medium, the data of current and lightpressure, etc. produced by the photocell due to the light is different from the data for the stationary light source. This phenomenon is called the rotational effect of light source...  
Deep analysis of new dlements 115th and 113th  The scientists of Russia and U.S.A. declared that the elements 115th and 113th had been discovered. It only said that the elements Americium was bombarded by an isotope of Calcium, a new element 115th was born and then decayed into 113th in a few microsecond. Because the state of affairs are so lack of detail, to describe it exactly is rather difficult. In order to adapt the true circumstance, here propose two reactive processes...  
On the Structure of Particles and the Nature of Nuclear Forces  This paper has proposed a theoretical idea to construct particles by using electron, positron, neutrino and antineutrino as well as the weak force interaction among them; it has theoretically estimated the radii of neutron and proton as well as the range and strength of socalled nuclear force, also has explained the reason for the feature of saturation and shortrange of nuclear force and various nuclear reactions.  
On Fourdimensional Time  This paper Proofs time is four dimensions from the foundation of theory, the foundation of experiment and the popular explanation of four dimension times ¡£This paper explains time can be flowed backwards in microcosm, overthrow the conception of only onedimensional time. In intuition the theory of relativity, we personally see the time  space spin and the special and general theories of relativity is correct.  
The Research of Universal Gravitation & The Deduction of Gravitational Formula  This paper builds a new gravitational theoretical model on a kind of new ideal, and deduces a new gravitational formula. According to first approximate degree of the new formula, the Inverse Square Law is correct and it is consistent with Newton¡¯s gravitational formula. In a general way, action force isn¡¯t equivalent to counteraction force and the gravitational constant is not always a constant in the new formula...  
The Bending of Light Ray and Unphysical Solutions in General Relativity  In general relativity, according to Einstein, a gauge is related to the time dilation and the space contractions, and thus a physically realizable gauge should be unique for a given frame of reference. Since more than one metric solution for the same frame can produce the same deflection angle, this means that an invalid spacetime metric can produce the correct deflection angle for a light rays.  
Improved Newton's Formula of Universal Gravitation  By using the movement equation of planet derived by general relativity, this paper presents the improved formula of universal gravitation.By using this formula, the accurate solution for the problem of gravitational deflection of photon orbit around the sun and the problem of advance of Mercury's perihelion can be given.  
False Special Relativity  Analyze derivation processes and questions of Lorentz transformation.Find that special relativity based upon Lorentz transformation is not correct, and relative speed between two objects may be faster than speed of light.  
Arguments against PositiveNegative Charge  It is believed that, in general relativity, the choice of a gauge is still arbitrary even after the frame of reference has been chosen. For instance, it is well known that the Schwarzschild solution and the isotropic solution are considered to be physically equivalent...  
Arguments against PositiveNegative Charge  The revolution of Quantum theory against classical electromagnetism has a long way to go. The concept of positivenegative charge originates from the false cognition on the properties of microscopic particles...  
Local Light Speeds and The Question of Gauge in General Relativity  It is believed that, in general relativity, the choice of a gauge is still arbitrary even after the frame of reference has been chosen. Accordingly, it is proposed to measure the directional difference of local light speeds at the surface of the earth to decide which metric is more realistic.  
Is there any confusion in
the theory of relativity? New Classical Physics 
Relativity theory is great. Its greatness is due to the more profound and complex characters of the relativity but not solely to its description of spacetime transforming. The former character makes relativity agree secretly with the nature of physics laws.  
Separation of Optic Interference in Imagery  In this paper an imaging system can be used to separate the interference beam in Thomas Young Interference Experiments. Then we will observe the change in the position and energy distribution of imagery. This is a new phenomenon to be discussed.  
On Experimental Verification of Einstein's Equivalence Principle and SpaceTime Coordinate Systems in General Relativity  Einstein's equivalence principle requires that a free falling observer result in a comoving local Minkowski space as a spaceship under only the influence of gravity.However, a "free fall" in a Lorentz manifold may not uniquely result in a local Minkowski space, and a Lorentz manifold with a nonconstant metric need not imply the existence of static acceleration. Thus, Einstein's equivalence principle, different from Pauli's version,.....  
A COUNTER EXAMPLE FOR THE HARMONIC "GAUGE CONDITION" IN GENERAL RELATIVITY  It is pointed out that the applicability of the harmonic gauge has never been generally established if the resulting coordinate system is expected to be physically realizable.  David P. Chan Richard C.Y. Hui 

Structures of Atomic Nuclei  This thesis insists that the nucleus consists of some definite different groups of nucleon. It is just the play of them, which initiates variant processes in the nucleus, that correlate to the recombination of mass.  
On what is Einstein's equivalence principle and how to apply it  Einstein's equivalence principle was initially expressed in terms of the equivalence of an accelerated frame and uniform gravity. The application of Einstein's equivalence principle is pointed out that Pauli's version, which ignores physical requirements beyond the metric signature, leads to theoretical difficulties and claims that disagree with observation. Therefore, it is urged that theories based on Pauli's version be reviewed.  
The electromagnetic field tense Of the light quantum field theory  In this article with the strict mathematics derivation from the distribution, vibration, momentum, angular momentum, energy etc. of the light quantum system, it has been proved that the electromagnetism appearance is a mechanics course of the light quantum system , that is the first time in history . What is the isospin? What is the vector potential? What is the magnetic field intensity?  
Explore `spin` deep going  With the strict mathematics process to reveal the veil of intrinsic mysterious"spin" in a puzzle. In this text, the secret of "spin" has been revealed.That would set a theoretical basis for the research of light quantum system as well as the particle physics.  
The Meaning of Fourdimensional Time  The concept of only Onedimensional time is wrong, time have fourdimension .The light refraction emerges directly that time is fourdimensional to us perfectly. It translates some thing incomprehensible into easily comprehensible in natural science, and translates some problems complex into easy.  
On the Incompatibility of Gravitational Radiation with the 1915 Einstein Equation  It is shown that the 1915 Einstein equation is incompatible with the physical notion that a wave carries away energymomentum. This proof is compatible with that MaxwellNewton Approximation (the linear field equation for weak gravity), and is supported by the binary pulsar experiments....  
The Equivalence Principle, the Covariance Principle and the Question of SelfConsistency in General Relativity  The equivalence principle, which states the local equivalence between acceleration and gravity, requires that a free falling observer must result in a comoving local Minkowski space. On the other hand, covariance principle assumes any Gaussian system to be valid as a spacetime coordinate system.  
ON WHAT IS EINSTEIN'S EQUIVALENCE  The "Einstein elevator" thought experiment is commonly used in the formulation of Einstein' equivalence principle. This is challenged by theorists based on the notion of a "true" gravitational field characterized by the nonvanishing curvature. ....  
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